We produced this extract using a classic maceration method of extraction to ensure that the broad spectrum of therapeutic plant compounds - vitamins, minerals, alkaloids, flavonoids and other active constituents of the herbs are fully extracted and maintained. Expertly extracted under strict quality standards and procedures from the Certified Organic Yerba Mate Dried Leaves. We meticulously produce our extracts according to precise standards where each herb is extracted according to the distinct characteristic of each plant! Concentrated Avaram tincture: dry plant material / menstruum ratio is 1:3! Extraction rate: 1 ml of extract is equal to about 330 mg of dried herb! We produce our liquid extracts using ONLY natural ingredients! All herbs are organically grown, ethically wild harvested, or selectively imported. This extract does NOT contain GMO, gluten, artificial colors or preservatives! Just herb and menstruum! Proudly made in the USA in an FDA registered facility under srtict quality control.